|Aerodrome Hotspots (image embedded from [http://www.skybrary.aero/images/thumb/Hotspot.jpg/734px-Hotspot.jpg] on 29 August 2010)|
A large number of airfields feature dangerous locations near the runways where there is a high likelihood for runway incursions to occur. These positions, also known as hot spots, require flight crews and ground vehicle drivers to pay extra caution and attention. These hot spot are due to poor aerodrome layout design which safety risk cannot be significantly reduced or removed by the installation of additional lighting systems or signage. The safety risks elevate when there is low visibility (leading to lower situational awareness) or when ground surveillance is not effective.
1) Increasing users’ awareness through campaigns. ICAO recommendations advise the provision of regularly-updated Aeronautical Information Publications (AIP) charts to highlight the runway hotspots areas.
2) Improving the visibility of visual support aids (signages, ground markings and lighting systems)
3) utilisation of other ground movement routes that avoid these hotspots
4) Additional new taxiways to avoid these hotspots (but high costs involved)
5) Closed-circuit surveillance cameras (CCTV) for monitoring activities near hotspots.
Federal Aviation Administration. (2010). Instrument procedures handbook, chapter 2. Retrieved on 29 August 2010, from http://www.skybrary.aero/bookshelf/books/262.pdf.
Federal Aviation Administration. (2010). Runway safety. Retrieved on 29 August 2010, from http://www.faa.gov/airports/runway_safety/.
ICAO Doc 9870: Manual for Preventing Runway Incursions
ICAO Annex 4 Aeronautical Charts Chapters 13,14 & 15
ICAO Doc 4444 PANS-ATM Chapter 7