Multi-Crew Pilot License (2)

The Training Stages

Core Flying Skills

The early part of this programme includes 60 to 120 hours of actual flight time. The trainee undergoes the ground school using modern technology and he is trained in a single or multi engine aircraft, taught crew resource management, cross-country navigation, and first solo and basic instrument flying.

Basic level of competency

The trainee is introduced to multi crew operations and instrument flight. Other than night and instrument flying, the trainee will be trained in upset recoveries and Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) cross-country navigation.

Intermediate level of competency

The trainee will progress to a high-performance simulator of a multi engine turbine aircraft, further Crew Resource Management (CRM) instruction, Line-Oriented Flight Training (LOFT), abnormal situational handling emergencies, hazard and risk management.

Advanced level of competency

At the final level, the trainee advances to a Level D six-axis simulator and finally performs 12 takeoffs and landings as pilot-flying on the actual aircraft. Upon meeting the high standards and levels of competency, the trainee becomes MPL qualified as co-pilot on the aircraft-type. This is then followed by a line introduction under captain supervisors.

1. I.F.A.L.P.A and E.C.A. (2005, December 20). ECA - IFALPA POSITON ON THE ICAO FCLTP TRANSPOSITION INTO JAR FCL. Retrieved August 25, 2010, from
2. ICAO. (n.d.). Multi-Crew Pilot Licence (MPL). Retrieved August 20, 2010, from FAQs:
3. Sutton, O. (2005). Shortcut or Fast Track? Air Transport World , 51.

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Multi-Crew Pilot License (3)

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