In the cockpit it is important that correct and efficient leadership is executed. The qualities of a good leader can be examined in the LEADERSHIP Model (Robson,2008).

Therefore a good leader should be:
L- Leading by setting an example
E- Establishing and defining the task at hand, the roles to be undertaken, priorities, expectations and individual responsibilities
A- Advise and explain all intentions before action
D- Delegates in a clear and consise way.
E- Evaluates the response to their actions so adjustments can be made
R- Responds to crew inputs (time permitting of course)
S- Sets and maintains priorities
H- Has a high degree of knowledge, skill and reliability
I- Involves and invites all crew into the decision making process
P- Praises and credits where credit is due

Having a strong leader in the cockpit helps reduce the Trans-Cockpit Authority Gradient.


Robson, D. (2008). Human Being Pilot: Human Factors for Aviation Professionals. Australia: Aviation Theory Centre.

Want to know more?

A good article for examining the effect of the Trans-Cockpit Authority Gradient on Flight trainning can be found at:
Gupta, A. (2004). Trans-Cockpit Authority Gradient in Flying Training: A Case Report. Indian Journal of Aerospace Medicine, 48(1), 41-46. or alternatively at: http://medind.nic.in/iab/t04/i1/iabt04i1p41.pdf
Another article examining the effect of the Trans-Cockpit Authority Gradient on Military operations can be found at:
Ungs, T. J. (1993, March). Effect of trans-cockpit authority gradient on Navy/Marine helicopter mishaps. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine, 64(3), 254.

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